Political trends in India
If we analyze the prevailing trend in Indian democracy, we find that on the one hand electoral process has raised the level of political awareness and on the other hand it has also increased the misuse of electoral process by political parties for their vested interests. Winning an election has become the sole aim of political parties. In order to win election, political parties completely compromise with values, ethics and morality which used to be associated with it. In this process, they fail to realize that they have larger national responsibility as well. The kind of tactics applied by political parties for winning an election has promoted castes, communalism, regionalism, and above all use of money and hooliganism leading to criminalization of politics.
It has eroded the base of Indian politics. No political party is ready to discuss this issue that what should be done to do away with such malpractices. Even, Indian public too cannot escape from its responsibility as they are electing people who are of no credible backgrounds. The lust for power has led to denigration of values.
Conducting free and fair election is the responsibility of the Election Commission and it has been working hard to live up to its duty. Due to the effort of the commission, electoral violence, misuse of money, bogus voting have been substantially reduced. The oppressed and deprived section of our population who could not even dare to go to polling booth, are electing their representative without any fear. However, one still cannot say that in India, free and fair election has been totally established.
In Indian political party’s gains power through competitive electoral battle. In order to win election, political parties, indulge in all sorts of cheap tricks like arousing passion in the name of caste, region, religion etc.
Over the years, one finds a marked change in the way party system operates in India.The party system is now said to be moving from a one party dominance system to a multi-party competition. One party dominance has been replaced by coalition government. It has led to the emergence of regional centres of power. Regional political parties are playing very crucial role in the national politics.
In post 1989 period we observe a new trend towards regionalization of Indian politics. It has also brought those into the spotlight of Indian politics, who were left on the periphery.
In fact, regional parties have emerged in Indian politics in large numbers in recent years. However barring few states, they have not brought about substantial change and in many states, state governments were replaced by national parties. However some regional governments like the one in Bihar and Orissa have shown commitment.
In India, party system has covered a long journey from one party dominance to coalition government. Coalition governments, are generally associated with instability, unnecessary delay and also associated a lot with corruption. Recent examples of it are:
- The 2g scam was allowed to happen to maintain or rather save the coalition government of united progressive alliance.
- A lingayat leader was appointed the Chief Minister of Karnataka because of the arm twisting tactics applied by B. S. Yedurappa on the Bhartiya Janata Party.
Change is imminent in party system and the Indian democracy is bound to go through this.
s. tanuja surendra