China to abate the spread of HIV by 2015

by tybmmjourno

China to abate the spread of HIV by 2015

China is the most populous country with the population of 1.3 billion. China has been increasingly creating awareness to improve and support the people affected with HIV/AIDS.  In many rural areas of China during the 1990s, hundreds of thousands up to millions of farmers and peasants were infected with HIV through participation in state-run blood collection programs in which contaminated equipment was reused.In 2007, the central government increased the funding from  RMB 1.07 billion in 2008 to  RMB 1.22 billion in 2009. AIDS is spreading widely in China through heterosexual sex. Forty percent of HIV infections are diagnosed in China through heterosexual contact and thirty-two percent through homosexual sex. According to the UNAIDS,  a  joint programme with AIDS, the rate of infections through heterosexual sex in China tripled between 2005-2007. The joint programme was initiated in order to help China achieve the national target and Millennium Development Goal to stop the spread of HIV.China’s health minister reported that the number of Chinese confirmed to be living with HIV-AIDS was nearly 320,000, up from 264,000.

According to the 2010 MDG report, the spread of HIV has stabilized but it continues to increase Eastern Europe, Central Asia and other parts of Asia. It was on a rise in 1996 when 3.5 million people were affected by HIV but the number at dropped down to 2.7 million by 2008. The reason for such an increase is that many people still lack the knowledge to prevent knowledge HIV.  The use of condoms  among the rich is more as compared to the poor households.  The MDG report further indicates that in most developing countries which includes China, the majority of young people fail to use condoms during sex although there is a higher risk of contracting HIV. i.e. Less than fifty percent of the young men and less than a third of young women used condoms during their  sexual activity.The Chinese government implemented huge range of strategies to support people at high risks  as well as educating the population about prevention of HIV. It had also barred people with HIV or AIDS from entering the country. According to the reports AIDS had become the country’s leading cause of death among infectious diseases where twenty-six thousand people died of AIDS. The local also government provided funding for the betterment of the country.

That is not it. Also, there is link between gender-based violence and HIV.  The social acceptance of violence against women and girls leads to a huge problem. In four countries that were surveyed, almost one in four young women reported that their first experience of sexual intercourse was forced which ultimately increased the contraction of HIV. However, in 2008, there was some progress. Forty-two percent of the 8.8 million people who were in need for treatment for HIV in low and middle income countries received it as compared to thirty-three percent in 2007. Children living in rural area are less likely  to receive anti-malarial medicines than those living in urban areas. Similarly, children in the richest households are almost twice as likely to receive treatment as those in the poorest households.

The epidemic of AIDS is becoming increasingly complex, with serious epidemics in some regions and among some populations, so China will have to make continuous efforts in order to abate  of HIV/AIDS by 2015. But the discussion of the topic is limited in a country where taboos surrounding sex remain strong.  Hence people need to be made aware of the repercussions through campaigns, sex education etc.

NAKITA VADASSERY

TYBMM JOURNALISM 3760

china-hiv

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