GOAL 7 :NEPAL
Goal 7 : ensure environmental sustainability
- Target 7.A:
Integrate the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programmes and reverse the loss of environmental resources
- Target 7.B:
Reduce biodiversity loss, achieving, by 2010, a significant reduction in the rate of loss
- Target 7.C:
Halve, by 2015, the proportion of the population without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation
- Target 7.D:
By 2020, to have achieved a significant improvement in the lives of at least 100 million slum dwellers.
Nepal is a mountainous country, because of which electricity transmission grid systems cannot work. It is also a land locked nation, which means that it has less resources and it also does not have fossil fuels. But this hasn’t stopped the country from delivery electricity, in an environmentally sustainable way.
Nepal has water as a major resource, which it has made use of. Small-scale hydroelectric projects, called micro-hydro projects, are being used to harness the power of water to produce electricity. They are cheaper and faster than large hydroelectric dams.
The logic is very simple. When water is flowing all around, one has to use it’s height, take it through a pipe and this runs the turbine, that is connected o a generator which produces the electricity. The united nations development programme (UNDP) made a huge difference to the people of Nepal through this project. It put community people at the center of the project so that they are the ones to introduce this technology, then also maintain it and fully own it. Since it is difficult for villagers to access the national power grid, they need their own local electricity system.
The people of Nepal are totally involved in the building of the project. From digging the channels to diverting the water, to stringing the power lines and installing the lights, the villager help with every task. Since 1996, nearly 400 micro-hydro power plants have constructed in the most remote and impoverished villages of Nepal, bringing modern energy for the first time to nearly half a million people.
The average micro-hydro project generates about 30 kilowatts of electricity. The projects has proved economically beneficial to villages. To tae specific example would be Karbang, where the project has powered a welding shop, a cell-phone repair business, and an ice cream shop. A villager Pabitra Giri has opened a soap manufacturing business. The woman wanted to open this business for a long time, which the micro-hydro electricity project, made possible. The woman is now able to educate her children.
. The micro-hydro project helps deliver electricity to classrooms, a medical clinic with an x-ray machine, and a way to refrigerate vaccinations to keep improving public health.
So one can say that with the electricity project and the intervention of the United Nations development programme women in Nepal have been empowered, businesses are functioning better and education level has increased, in the process of fulfilling the millennium development goal seven.