Sri Lanka still to achieve complete literacy

by tybmmjourno

Sri Lanka still to achieve complete literacy.

Sri Lanka is a diverse country and a home to many religions, languages and ethnicity with the Sinhalese people as the majority. The Deputy Minister of Finance, Dr. Sarath Amunugama, next day of the MDG report said, “Sri Lanka is on track to achieve most of the Millennium Development Goals MDG although areas of concern still remain. He also stated that although the country achieved many of the MDGs, it still lacked in quality of education and life, and the MDGs should be taken as a platform for speedy economic growth while sustaining social well being. And thus the MDGS targets at ensuring that, by 2015, children everywhere, boys and girls alike, will be able to complete a full course of primary  schooling”

According to the MDG, Sri Lanka has achieved the universal primary education target with a net enrollment rate of 97.5 percent in 2007 for both genders and the country could achieve the target hundred percent by 2015. Sri Lanka has shown a tremendous increase in literacy. It has a literacy rate of 96%, one of the highest literacy rates in all of South Asia and much higher than that expected of a developing country. But what about the people living in the rural areas? There is an urgent need to improve at the primary level and reduce dropout rates of children living there. In the north and the east  of  Sri Lanka  for teachers to be well qualified, there is a need to increase opportunities for women.  It should also  ensure that there are enough teachers and classrooms to meet the demand. Bringing children to school is an important step. But , in order   to receive the full benefits of education they need to attend classes regularly. Furthermore, the MDG report indicates that rural children are twice as likely to be out of school as children living in urban areas and is slightly wider for girls than for boys.

One of the biggest obstacle to education is poverty. Twenty percent of the poorest households have the least chance of receiving education. They are 3.5 times more likely to be out of school than girls in the richest households and four times more likely to be out of school as boys in the richest households. Boys from the richest households are the least likely to be out of school (10 per cent), compared to all other groups.. The poorest households are unable to provide their children with quality education as they lack behind financially. The labour working class in Sri Lanka suffer from poor health conditions due to unsanitary living conditions.

According to the UNDP report, the highest rate for children who have not been fully immunised against childhood and other diseases in the Colombo district  is 37.25 percent. The number of people without access to electricity is as high as 56 percent. Almost forty percent of the country’s population live in poverty and seventy percent of population earn less than 5,019 rupees. The other reason would be gender-based inequality. In most of the countries, educating girls is majorly perceived as being of less value than educating boys.  Thus, strategies need to be developed in order to protect and improve the condition of children.

What can be done to create awareness to increase the literacy rate in the rural areas?  There can be literacy campaigns to increase the level of literacy. They can be equipped with basic literacy skills so that they will be able  to encourage  their children which will eventually lead to the progress of the country. Moreover, individual campaigns can bring out education as a fundamental right.



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