Why are people in India still poor?

by tybmmjourno

Why are people in India still poor?

Although India is so boastful of its high economic growth, it is shameful that there is still a large chunk of poor people in India. In India, poverty can be defined as a situation when a certain section of people are unable to fulfill their basic needs. India has the world’s largest number of poor people living in a  country. Nearly 75% of the poor people are in rural areas, most of them are daily wagers, landless labourers and self employed house holders. Poverty in India is the key reason for increase in the number of criminal and violent  acts.  The poor  in the country  have less access to educational services, malnutrition, hunger etc. They are marginalized from the society and deprived of their representation and voice in public. There are various causes for poverty. The saying goes like this,  the more richer you are, the more likely you are to benefit from the economic or political policies.However,  in developing countries like India where there is some progress in the reduction of poverty, one in four children are still underweight.

Why are people in India poor?

There are ample reasons for poverty in India. These include a lack of individual responsibility, bad government policy, exploitation by people and businesses with power and influence etc.According to the 2008  MDG report, availability of food globally was relatively good but the hike if food prices, and the falling income due to financial crisis had worsened the situation. Price of the staple food was high ,after the financial food crisis. As a result of which the income in poor households decreased and lead to lesser job opportunities. Both these reasons led to the considerable reduction of purchasing power  in the hands of the poor.In India, feeding practices are very poor and shortage of quality of food is common, nearly two thirds of the population are deprived of sanitation, and therefore half practice defecating in the open leading to several diseases. Furthermore, twenty five percent of the infants are underweight at birth. 27%fewer people will be living in poverty in 2015 than in 1990 and 45 out of 84 countries are on track to meet the goal of cutting poverty in half.

Moreover, the MDG report, indicates ‘working poor’ are those that are employed but yet live in households where individual members  survived on less than $1.25 a day.In countries like India, sixty percent of the children in the poorest families were under-weight comparing to twenty five percent in the richest households. Nevertheless, the economic growth in developing countries like India  are strong enough to sustain progress on the poverty reduction target. The overall poverty rate is expected to drop down to 15% by 2015.

India is on the path of progress though on a slow pace and it is moderately successful in reducing poverty. According to the MDG report of 2010, the poverty ratio in India had fallen from 46 percent in 27 percent in the developing countries.The government has  now taken some initiative to improve the education, health and nutritional status of the poor households especially women and children.  The government extended support by introducing the cash transfer scheme, wherein the households will receive cash transfers in order to ensure minimum attendance of children in school, participation in campaigns and visits to health clinics.  The notion behind this reduce poverty and vulnerability.

POVERTY being a global issue should be eradicated by investing in agriculture, creating jobs, expanding social safety nets, expanding nutrition programs that target children under two years of age, universalizing education ,promoting gender equality and protecting vulnerable countries during crises.