Pakistan: the Need for Global Partnership for Development
Pakistan like many other nations, adopted the millennium Declaration in the year 2000, and pledged to leave no stone unturned in their efforts to free its men, women and children from extreme poverty conditions.
The 18 global targets and 48 indicators adopted in 2000 have been translated into 16 national targets and 37 indicators keeping in view Pakistan’s specific conditions, priorities, data availability and institutional capacity. Since 2006, numerous successful developments have taken place in Pakistan which has changed its social, political and economic state.
Targets for achieving Global Partnership For Development in Pakistan are:
- To comprehensively deal with the debt problems of developing countries through national and international measures in order to make debt sustainable in the long term.
- To develop and implement strategies for decent and productive work for youth, in cooperation with developing countries.
- To make available the benefits of new technologies, especially information and communications, in cooperation with the private sector.
The consequences of a world that is interconnected or a globalised world have been recognised by all participant countries that make up the global economy; be it environmental disasters or natural occurrences — such as the 2008 global financial crisis, or the war on terror in and around Pakistan and Afghanistan, the consequences of numerous local and supposedly isolated events, have negative global outcomes, some of which can be disastrous and catastrophic.
Pakistan has become a focal point, both in terms of geography and of development, requiring help and assistance to achieve all seven of its MDGs by means of the Eighth Goal, which includes greater market access, development assistance, and greater connectivity.
With Pakistan being an aid dependent country for decades now, the manner of aid distribution and its conditionality, variability and uncertainty has caused various problems which have undermined its benefits of providing assistance for achieving many of Pakistan’s MDGs and overall development. But with trade replacing aid as a means to achieve this stage of development, Pakistan’s desire for greater market access is largely supply- constrained, where Pakistan’s narrow export base has limited exportable services and commodities.
Therefore, it has been observed that for Pakistan to be able to take due advantage of the wide spread global economy, rather than being victims of it; bilateral and multilateral overseas development assistance can play a key role in doing so.
However, unless there is an urgency to create a renewed and collective effort to mobilize resources, both at the domestic and international front; and also to refocus the priorities of the country in favour of these development Goals, there is a high risk of considerable shortfalls in the MDGs set for 2015. Though time is needed in order to bridge the gigantic gap between performance and expectations that exist presently, future trends and dramatic results can happen when nations are faced with overwhelming challenges.
The adoption of the Seventh National Finance Commission Award in 2011 will free up some resources from the federal government to the provinces and allow the less developed provinces to access further funds. And since provinces are responsible for achieving many of the Goals of the MDGs, this transformation in resource allocation may be fortuitous for achieving some of the MDG Goals, as long as these Goals receive their priority.
An elected democratic government is the call of the hour that will take extraordinary measures, wherever necessary, to achieve the targets set up for each of the country’s Eight MDGs. These targets can be easily met as long as there is a clear commitment and collective effort as a country to achieving these Goals.