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Category: UN AND PEACE


United Nations is an international organisation founded in 1945 after World War II to stop the war between nations and to give platform to them to talk with each other.

The UN Security Council is the main organization of the United Nations dedicated to the resolution of conflicts and peacekeeping. It is comprises of fifteen members, five of whom are permanent, that is China, France, the Russian Federation, the United Kingdom and the United States and ten of which are elected by the General Assembly in every two years.

UN Peace-keepers provide security and the political and peace building support to help countries make the difficult, early transition from conflict to peace. UN Peace-keeping is guided by three basic principles:

  • Consent of the parties
  • Impartiality
  • Non-use of force except in self-defence and defence of the mandate

Peace-keeping is flexible and over the past two decades has been deployed in many configurations. According to UN website, currently, there are 15 UN peace operations conducted on four continents.

There has been a thin line between conflict prevention, peacemaking, peace-keeping, peace-building and peace enforcement and this line is blurring rapidly. Peace operations are rarely limited to one type of activity. When the Security Council is confronted with a problem that can represent a threat for international peace and safety, it first tries to resolve the problem peacefully. In the past, the Security Council has acted as mediator or, in cases of armed conflict, proposed a cease-fire. The Council can also reinforce its decisions by enacting sanctions.

Peace-keeping missions allow the Security Council to watch over the cease-fire and participate in the creation of conditions for peace. On a few rare occasions, the Security Council has authorized member States to use all the necessary means to keep the peace, including collective military action.

According to General Indar Jit Rktye, the former president of the International Peace Academy who has participated in several peace-keeping missions, peace-keeping is “the prevention, limitation, moderation and cessation of hostilities between or within States due to the intervention of a third party, which is organized and directed at the international level and which calls upon military, police and civilian personnel to restore peace.”[1]

While UN peace-keeping operations are, in principle, deployed to support the implementation of a ceasefire or peace agreement, they are often required to play an active role in peacemaking efforts and may also be involved in early peace-building activities.

Today’s multidimensional peace-keeping operations facilitate the political process, protect civilians, assist in the disarmament, demobilization and reintegration of former combatants; support the organization of elections, protect and promote human rights and assist in restoring the rule of law.

UN peace-keeping operations may use force to defend themselves, their mandate, and civilians, particularly in situations where the State is unable to provide security and maintain public order.

United Nations celebrates the International Day of United Nations Peacekeepers on May 29.


Role of the United Nation : Peace

Role of the United Nation : Peace

First found on 24th October  1945, the united Nations is an international organization that strives at bringing out peace, human rights, social progress cooperation in international law and much more. It came about replacing the League of Nations to stop wars between countries and to provide a platform for a dialogue. It aims at reducing outbreaks in conflicts and a tries to bring an end to poverty and hunger. The United Nations thus contributes directly or indirectly to prevent conflicts. It plays a key role in promoting peace.There are some UN organisations that help to promote peace. Like, the UNICEF, the United Nations Children’s Fund contributes in protecting rights of children. It has preventive measures to help children in developing countries and uses protective actions to help children in times of war when they victimised the most.

Education is of paramount importance for the welfare of the nation and therefore it is important for children to be educated. Children  ensure a country’s future. And hence it is important that children are not mistreated to develop a country and to prevent as much as possible the outburst of conflicts in the future. The UNFPA, the United Nations Population Fund also helps to promote peace by developing information programs for women, with special regards to sex education.  It specially provides women with all necessary information and resources that are needed which in turn allows them to make well informed decisions which eventually contributes to a better management of the population.The World Health Organisation, WHO, strives to bring scientific cooperation in health matters and supports to reinforce health systems and assists governments which ask for emergency aid.  This provision helps to reduce physical and psychological health issues.

The WFP, the World Food Programme is another organisation that promotes better nutrition by using food aid to support economic and social development. It is supported by the the FAO, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations  which helps to foster greater agricultural productivity, by eradicating hunger and poverty around the world as hunger and poverty are two important factors in the outbreak of conflicts.These organisations of the united nations  therefore attempt  to prevent conflicts and have a world that is free of violence.

Furthermore, the United Nations has established Millennium Development Goals. These goals help countries to build on their challenges. There are seven Millennium Development Goals. These include eradicating extreme poverty and hunger; achieving universal primary education; promoting gender equality and empowering women; reducing child mortality rates; improving maternal health; HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases; ensuring environmental sustainability and developing a global partnership for development.In maintaining in peace the United Nations further aims to protect human rights and provide humanitarian concern. The United Nations also provides technical assistance in elections, helps to improve judicial structures and draft constitutions, trains human rights officials, and provides food, drinking water, shelter, and other humanitarian services to peoples displaced by famine, war, and natural disaster.

The Security Council is the main organization of the United Nations that is dedicated to resolve the conflicts and make peace. The security when confronted with a problem of threat for international peace and security, tries to resolve it peacefully acting as a mediator in cases of armed conflict and act as ceasefire. The Security Council has also authorized member States to use all the necessary means to keep  peace, including collective military action.It thus came about to equip itself with the institutions needed to prevent and resolve international conflicts and help build a culture of peace in the world.